top of page

Introduction Of E-Litigation In India: It’s Scope, Need & Durability

Author: Aarjav Jain Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla


The need might be the mother of development, yet innovation is its birthing specialist. The Supreme Court of India’s utilization of video conferencing, to take up dire issues while ordinary hearings stand suspended in all courts during the lockdown time frame, can possibly quicken the pace at which innovation could be received by the legal executive at all levels[1]. India, with its tremendous populace and various issues, for instance, lawful delays, pendency arranged to start the allocation of advancement in decongesting its courts, truly similar to the extent caseload. At the point when social isolating is being worried as the most ideal approach to prevent the spread of COVID-19, the apparition of amassed court premises continues frequenting investigators, lawful consultants and Judges the equivalent. This is a capable second to some extent explore, dissect, and grasp the attainability of E-suit in India. The Supreme Court Bench on 6-4-2020 including S.A. Bobde, C.J., D.Y. Chandrachud and L. Nageshwara Rao, JJ. Passed bearings in a Suo Motu case about giving of rules for the working of courts through video conferencing during the COVID-19 lockdown and further expressed the requirement for applying tech-accommodating and suitable alternatives, enduring the residency of the lockdown and for the future. [2]

E-LITIGATION IN INDIA– E-Litigation is an exhaustive Court Cases Monitoring System. It doesn’t simply strengthen the workplace by the strategy for checking the lawful questions yet furthermore smoothens the technique of responsibility of guidance for the legitimate debates. Advancement has changed and grown rapidly over a period. Consequently, it transforms into the need critical to alter and change according to the alteration in advancement. This need to change has been seen all by the courts similarly as the lawmaking body in India. The key point of convergence of the establishment of E-prosecution in India is getting a value serving segment that is clear, successful, sensible, effective, makes sure about the interests of gatherings, decreases the development of pending cases, or more all reduces the number of misleading activities. E-case through video conferencing has been all around been seen as a supportive mechanical assembly for getting spectator presentation and ace confirmation in cross-periphery similarly as family unit cases. This could be a worthwhile opportunity to explore the opportunity of bringing the standard case and regularize appearances and conflicts by lawful advisors using videoconferencing. Apparently, an expert board ought to be built up to take a gander at the feasibility. This will have important time and cash sparing points of interest for all social affairs included.

SCOPE OF E-LITIGATION IN INDIA – As far as the extent of E-suit is concerned it has an indispensable degree however just in the short run. In the event that we find over the long haul, this won’t work. The legal executive is such which can’t work in an online mode. There can be deluding records, slivers of proof, witnesses, and so forth. The expert work will no longer stay expert work. The control which a legal advisor conveys into the court before the seat of judges won’t continue as before through videoconferencing. In the event that we see from the opposite side, at that point yes there are numerous degrees to it, for example,

  1. Electronic Filing Service-This licenses Law Firm Users to record and submit reports electronically to the Courts. Case records and other noteworthy documents will undoubtedly be according to Court rules and standards as pre-portrayed designs are used.

  2. Case Information Repository-The Case Information Repository licenses particular Law Firm Users to have a virtual amassing everything being equivalent and reports that are appropriate to the cases they are managing. The chronicle licenses them to viably recoup the necessary records, update and store it for future reference.

  3. E-Service-This allows a Law Firm to electronically and cost-suitably serve Court chronicles to other Law Firms. It restricts the time spent on serving a Court file through printed rendition suggests.

  4. Warnings and Alerts-Law office Users can be educated regarding any updates about the cases they are managing.

  5. Calendaring and Hearing Dates-This allows the customers to see and select the open hearing dates inside the time ranges described by the Courts.

  6. Reports Generation-Reports about cash related trades on a particular case can be normally made reliant on the models set by the customer. Case-level information on charges procured would in like manner be available.

  7. Court Replies and Notifications (Mailbox)- This allows the customers to see and access an overview of the continuous cases that they have made, archived, and submitted.

  8. Quest for Created and Filed Cases/Quick Access-Search work allows the customers to scan for cases that they have made or reported. For Quick Access, it gives the customers an option to authentically play out explicit exercises, for instance, recording another case, report, or sales.[3]

NEED AND DURABILITY OF E-LITIGATION– ‘Social distancing’ is the main weapon which to date can effectively help contain the spread of this pandemic. This is the spot video-conferencing expect a huge activity to such a degree, that rather than going for physical hearings to courts or chambers and revealing lawful counsels, disputants and judges to the spread of sullying, video conferencing decreases direct contact with others along these lines dropping the chain of contact and the sickness. The working of E-prosecution through video-conferencing is the need of great importance. E-recording of reports and other desk work will spare the earth additionally; we can spare different assets likewise which are wrecked and this pandemic has caused us to understand the significance of common assets. With video conferencing and especially e-reporting workplaces, we can go paperless which will have tremendous focal points from making our working environments sans paper, in any case, along these lines will have clearing regular favourable circumstances. Video conferencing can be used in essentially any kind of legal issue including bail application, remand hearing, normal issues like wedding discusses, criminal techniques, etc as has quite recently been the preparation in India in unprecedented cases. The sole essential of the exhibition is that the court just requires oral evidence to be made before it. Therefore, the evidence can be presented under the watchful eye of the courts by the strategy for video gatherings or other electronic strategies as well. Remote-conferencing for instance video conferencing from remote zones will help us with beating the land snag in physical appearances. Lawful guides or investigators can be orchestrated in one state and still appear for a case in another state, in India. By and by, this achieves twofold purposes, we contain the spread of sickness and help the issue of blockage in courts when in doubt and we can support our advantages, put aside time and money in taking off to different courts or committees and as such occupy our undertakings in achieving higher productivity. The digitalization of working systems has reliably brought out more capability and straightforwardness. Video conferencing will furthermore help with bringing out more straightforwardness as the entire hearing can be recorded and kept as a narrative for future reference, keeping alive the spirit of courts of record. To cause the strategy progressively helpful, lawful counsels and bearing to can course advance of the time the made passages out of the disputes which they should contend under the attentive gaze of the adjudicators during video conferencing. Designated time can be given to each side to present their case, this will engage to streamline hearings and it will realize faster expulsion of cases. [4]


Introduction of E-case in India has two focal points and burdens. Be that as it may, in the event that we look from the viable perspective this can no longer work in light of the fact that the legal framework has a tremendous territory. There can be numerous specialized issues that can happen in the consultation. Deluding reports and smidgens of proof should be possible. As of late, the Zoom application which was presented it was a high-hazard application that the Supreme Court guided the Central Government to evacuate it as it is the matter of security. Numerous cybercrime assaults were held through it. E-suit is unimaginable in India for a more drawn out period. In any event, during the hours of this pandemic circumstance courts should work by keeping a social-separation up close and personal as opposed to through video-conferencing. E-prosecution in India needs an extremely amazing innovation to work over the long haul, liberated from any sorts of digital assaults as it is the matter of protection and privacy in light of the fact that numerous instances of national security are additionally chosen by different courts, councils, and so forth., If we see E-suit it is useful for original promoters yet when it is about the more established age this can hamper their development. From the start, not all know about the innovation, this will prompt wastage of time and as of now, the weight on courts is excessively substantial.

[1] By Kirit Javali & Vivek Prasad, Online Court whose time has come, (Apr.8,2020),

[2] By Kirit Javali & Vivek Prasad, Online Court whose time has come, (Apr.8,2020),

[4] Advocates Aarti Sathe and Niraj Sheth, Virtual Litigation And E-filing: The Future Of The Indian Judiciary? (May 4, 2020 6:30)

bottom of page